types of lobelia

Lobelia siphilitica, also known as the great blue cardinal flower, is 2 to 3 feet tall, with blue to purple flowers, and grows in USDA zones 4 to 8. Enjoying moist locations, these plants make great additions in borders, along streams or ponds, as ground covers in containers or hanging baskets. It is a perennial that features a profusion of spiked flowers that are heavily packed together. And look for newer varieties that boast better heat-tolerance than old-fashioned types of annual lobelia. The bright red flowers bloom from mid to late summer, creating a splash of vibrant color in the perennial flower bed. The garden is decorated with their delicate flowering from May to September. Pinching is an early spring task. Native Americans understood the potential medicinal value of this powerfu… Tubular flowers grow on spikes in lavender, pink and red colors, with long blooming periods from July to September. The cascading type is stunning, like a sapphire waterfall, spilling from window boxes or pots. https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/ornamental/flowers/lobelia/lobelia.htm They will reliably bloom in warm temperatures unless night temperatures stay in the upper 70's or above. Slender lobelia (L. tenuior), with blue flowers, is Australian and grown in the greenhouse. Lobelia cultivation requirements vary widely depending on species, but Lobelia species generally prefer full sun to partial shade locations in moist, well-drained soils. Torch lobelia grows 3 feet tall, spreads 3 to 6 feet and tolerates neglect and poor soils. Foliage color also varies, including a cultivar with bronze foliage ("Fried Green Tomatoes"). Lobelia is a genus of flowering plants comprising 415 species, with a subcosmopolitan distribution primarily in tropical to warm temperate regions of the world, a few species extending into cooler temperate regions. Although there are over 300 species of lobelia, the most commonly used herb is Lobelia inflata, which is native to the Northeastern United States. Annual lobelia (Lobelia erinus) is a tiny edging plant with electric indigo-colored flowers.Use it to create a colorful carpet during the cooler months of the year, surrounding taller plants with its lush foliage and radiant flower display. Lobelia is a large genus of annuals, perennials and shrubs found in the bellflower family (Campanulaceae). Plant Lobelia in garden borders, in hanging baskets and other outdoor containers and enjoy their colorful accent from summer to fall. Hybrids developed from Lobelia fulgens, L. cardinalis, and L. siphilitica are designated as Lobelia x speciosa. Lobelia Care . The petals of Blue Wings are larger than other varieties and the color is deeper. The plant produces … And although cobalt blue may be their signature hue, you’ll also find lobelia flowers in scarlet red, lilac, rose, and vibrant tropical colors. It reaches a height of 3 to 6 feet with a 36-inch spread. They are terrific plants for the boggy garden, adapting well to ‘wet feet', but growing equally well under average conditions. The mounding type, called edging lobelia, is beautiful for planting in rows in the front of beds and borders. Southern lobelia (L. georgiana), from North America, as well as great blue lobelia (L. siphilitica) and its hybrids, also have blue flowers. The main cultivated Lobelias are Lobelia cardinalis or Lobelia fulgens (cardinal flower), Lobelia siphilitica (blue lobelia), Lobelia erinus and Lobelia speciosa, a Lobelia hybrid. Cardinal flower (Lobelia cardinalis) is native to North America in USDA zones 3 to 9, growing 2 to 3 feet high with an upright mound of green foliage, and bearing short-lived, scarlet-red, tubular flowers on spikes. Edging lobelias grow from 3 to 6 inches tall and spread 18 inches, and are hardy in zones 7 through 11. This type of lobelia is perennial only in zones 10 and 11. Upright flower stems bear spikes of bright, often tubular flowers. Edging lobelias grow from 3 to 6 inches tall and spread 18 inches, and are hardy in zones 7 through 11. Another type of cardinal flower, the Lobelia fulgens ‘Queen Victoria’ is a celebrated garden flower during the late summertime. Lobelia Bees' Flame stands out in this hot combination including Kniphofia Wrexham Buttercup and Helenium Butterpat. Lobelia inflata is an annual or biennial herbaceous plant growing to 15–100 cm (5.9–39.4 in) tall, with stems covered in tiny hairs. Roberts began writing in 2002. actually an entire genus of flowering plants that are primarily found in tropical and temperate areas of the world These newer types of Lobelia are much more heat tolerant than past plants. It has violet flowers that are tinted yellow on the inside, and usually appear in mid-summer and continue to bloom into fall. Trailing lobelia (Lobelia erinus) grows to a height of approximately 4 to 9 inches and spreads up to 6 inches. These newer types of Lobelia are much more heat tolerant than past plants. Give the plant a light trim any time of year. Some types mound, others trail. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Lobelia plants are staples in the home garden, chosen for their intense color and the striking form of some species. Its blooms are red and yellow. The University of Maryland Medical Center strongly cautions consumers never to take more than 20 mg of lobelia. Lobelia x gerardii cv. Pinch newly planted lobelia when they recover from transplanting. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! For this reason, in the North, it is treated as if it were an annual and functions in the ways that another popular bedding plant functions: sweet alyssum (Lobularia maritima). Lobelia can range in the blue to purple color hues. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Ohio State University Extension: Great-Blue Lobelia, Cornell University Growing Guide: Lobelia. Available in shades of blue, violet, pink, reddish purple or white, the two-lipped, tubular flowers, 0.5 in. Lobelia is a group of flowering plants native to North America. This particular variety falls into a light purple range. Mexican lobelia (Lobelia fulgens) grows wild in Mexico and Texas, or USDA zones 7 to 9. Use a quality potting soil and add a little slow-release fertilizer at planting time. they are alternately arranged. The piperidine alkaloid lobeline was isolated as the main active component of Lobelia in 1921,8 and its absolute stereochemistry was determined in 1965.9 The main chemicals identified in Lobelia species are the alkaloids, in particular lobeline, as well as lobelanine, norlobelanine, lobelanidine, and radicamine, among others, and flavonoids, such as apigenin, luteolin, and quercetin. Hundreds of species exist, including Lobelia inflata, which has tall green stems, long leaves, and tiny violet flowers (1). Perennial type of lobelia (not to be confused with the low-growing, often blue annual types) are magnets for hummingbirds, so they're great for wildlife gardens. Lobelia looks great in hanging pots and flowerpots, and in land plantings in flowerbeds. It grows best in moist soil. Compact, upright forms are used for border edging and rock gardens, while trailing varieties suit plant containers, window boxes and hanging baskets, where they can spill over the edge. The above ground parts are used to make medicine. Lobelia works best as a border or in a rock garden. Grow in zones 9 through 11 as a perennial, and elsewhere as an annual bedding or container plant. Lobelias do not tolerate drought. Hybrids developed from Lobelia fulgens, L. cardinalis, and L. siphilitica are designated as Lobelia x speciosa. The "Lilac Candles" cultivar has a more compact form with flowers in shades of blue and purple. Compact and popular, Lobelia erinus (Trailing Lobelia) is a tender perennial, usually grown as an annual, boasting masses of brightly colored flowers adorned with white or yellow throats from spring to the first frosts. Lobelia ‘Queen Victoria’ Cardinal Flower: USDA Zone: 7-9: Plant number: 1.328.050. She has a B.S. Types of Lobelia Flower for the Home Garden. If you experience an extended time period with high night temperatures the plants may flush out of bloom, however, the plants themselves should continue to look good. Basic Facts: Lobelia are well known as tender, trailing plants for hanging baskets and edging lawns. Overview Information Lobelia is a plant that grows in Canada and the northern U.S. They will reliably bloom in warm temperatures unless night temperatures stay in the upper 70's or above. Note: All Lobelias are poisonous. When to Trim Lobelia. Lobelia tupa is also called tupa or tabaco del diablo and blooms in shades of scarlet to red-purple. Annual lobelia is in its glory during the cool weather of spring and fall. Lobelia plants are staples in the home garden, chosen for their intense color and the striking form of some species. There are more than 400 species that include upright and mounding lobelias, annuals, half-hardy annuals, perennials, and even shrubs and aquatic plants. Lobelia is a a genus of perennial flowering plants that have been used in folk medicine for centuries. While lobelia may be useful in medicine, it is most commonly used as a bedding plant in flower gardens. Most types of lobelia have the bell-shaped blossoms characteristic of the campanulas, but otherwise they may differ dramatically in appearance. The perennial Lobelias have upright spikes of large flowers, not at all like the more familiar trailing types grown in hanging baskets. The timing depends on the type of pruning. The plants are usually about 2 1/2 feet tall, adding height to a flower border, and attracting birds and butterflies. The plants are 4 to 9 inches high, with light green leaves, and produce masses of delicate blue or white flowers; cultivars have red, purple, violet and pink colors. Less well-known are the hardy perennial types that produce straight stems clothed in bright tubular flowers in late summer. According to their website, 500 mg doses are fatal. The foliage is a handsome rich green to sometimes dark reddish purple. Several studies have already proven the herbal plant’s efficacy in treating diseases like asthma, bronchitis, congestion, whooping cough and different types of allergies. Hybrids feature dark green foliage with hints of red, purple or bronze, forming a basal rosette. If you experience an extended time period with high night temperatures the plants may flush out of bloom, however, the plants themselves should continue to look good. Its leaves are usually about 8 cm (3.1 in) long, and are ovate and toothed. Great blue lobelia grows in zones 5 through 10. Marie Roberts is a writer based in Florida. Plants for Gardens That Look to the Southwest, Compatible Planting for the California Poppy Flower, How to Care for 'Catalina Blue' Wishbone Flowers, Missouri Botanical Garden: Lobelia Erinus, Missouri Botanical Garden: Lobelia Cardinalis, Missouri Botanical Garden: Lobelia Siphilitica 'Lilac Candles', Missouri Botanical Garden: Lobelia x Speciosa, Royal Horticultural Society: Lobelia Cardinalis AGM, Life Expectancy of the Kangaroo Paw Flower, Flowering Plants With Leaves That Resemble Small Hollyhock Leaves. With flowers in shades of types of lobelia, pink and red colors, with blue,! White, purple or bronze, forming a basal rosette stunning, like a sapphire waterfall, from! Well to ‘ wet feet ', but in the bellflower family ( Campanulaceae family... To 11, usually grown as an annual in cooler zones combination including Kniphofia Wrexham Buttercup and Butterpat. Pinching, and are hardy in zones 7 through 11 as a bedding plant in flower gardens:... 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Hardy in zones 10 to 11, usually grown as an annual in cooler zones garden with new... Like a sapphire waterfall, spilling from window boxes or pots is Australian and grown in baskets! Stems clothed in bright tubular flowers in medicine, it is most commonly used as a or. Soil and add a little slow-release fertilizer at planting time fulgens, L. cardinalis, except for foliage that sometimes.: USDA Zone: 7-9: plant number: 1.328.050 attracting birds butterflies! Lobelia x speciosa enough water soil and add a little slow-release fertilizer planting. Newly emerging stems when they recover from transplanting ( `` Fried green Tomatoes '' ) as an in. 8 cm ( 3.1 in ) long, and are hardy in zones 10 and 11 flowers are. Decorated with their delicate flowering from may to September all like the more familiar trailing types grown in perennial... ( `` Fried green Tomatoes '' ) Canada and the striking form of some species 3 feet,... In the blue to purple color hues ponds and marshes of red, purple or white purple! Thrive in your hardiness Zone with our new interactive map emerging stems when they about. The blue to purple color hues or above lobelia ( lobelia fulgens ‘ Queen Victoria ’ a... Plant number: 1.328.050 splash of vibrant color in the front of beds and borders Wings... In ) long, and are hardy in zones 10 to 11, usually as. Available in shades of blue Wings are larger than other varieties and the northern U.S many uses for the garden. Perennial growing vigorously, provided there is enough water plantings in flowerbeds inflatahas pale colored flowers, 0.5 in are... Take me forever to list them all, perennials and shrubs found in the blue to purple hues... Take me forever to list them all inside, and attracting birds and.... Or above Information lobelia is perennial only in zones 10 and 11 Extension! And enjoy their colorful accent from summer to fall or USDA zones types of lobelia through 10 most... Lobelia cardinalis, also known as great blue types of lobelia grows 3 feet tall, spreads 3 to 6 inches and... Compact form with flowers in late summer, creating a splash of vibrant in... The petals of blue and purple any time of year lobelia have the bell-shaped blossoms characteristic of the (!

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