reducing clauses to phrases

The underlined words below all form clauses that modify nouns: The grammar points that are presented in the article are complicated. P.S. Employees who work for the company are not responsible for paying their medical health premiums. A participle can often be used instead of a relative pronoun and full verb. Exercise 10, p. 398. (This does not make sense.). Another example is given below. Reduce the dependent clauses to phrases by eliminating words and changing verbs. • A modifying adverbial phrase that is the reduction of an adverb clause modifies the subject of the main clause. Edit. e.g. words (parts of speech), phrases, clauses and sentence Level: intermediate Age: 12-17 Downloads: 41 : Changing and Reducing Adverb clauses of time to Adverb Phrases PART 2 -Partial answer key Level: intermediate Age: 14-17 Downloads: 40 : CLAUSES AND PHRASES Level: intermediate Age: 14-17 Downloads: 25 : Interchange Review Unit 5-8 book 3- Green Level: intermediate Age: 14-17 Downloads: … Reduced Adjective Clauses — Rules. Language Trainers offers several free educational resources, such as English-language listening tests. Now let’s take up the three possible ways of reducing an adverb clause into an adverb phrase: (1) Reduction of adverb clauses in sentences involving same-time actions. The answer is a resounding yes: but only in special circumstances. 2. The billboard, which is on the edge of town, lists the population statistics. read about what I was doing to learn to speak fluently HERE, learning English phrases and word combinations. - Advanced English Grammar. While we were waiting for the rain to stop, Janet and I read the newspaper. Method 1: Reduce to infinitive phrase We may reduce noun clause by deleting the clause marker (subordinator) and change the verb phrase to infinitive. However, astute reader Juhapekka pointed out that in examples like the above sentence, you can’t omit only the pronoun, but you can omit the pronoun plus the form of “to be” (in this case, “is”): The dog eating a biscuit has brown fur. This can be reduced to: Having worked hard, he passed the test. Can take a noun clause that has been reduced to a gerund phrase b. 6. adjective phrase: Mary, [who is happy with her decision to attend UCD], is doing very well there. Both clauses have the same subject and hence we can reduce the adverb clause into a phrase. Practice. 15. Another example is given below. (The subordinate noun clause may be reduced to a phrase by eliminating the subordinating conjunction ‘that they’. Paul writes for Language Trainers, which provides individually-tailored language training on a one-on-one or small group basis worldwide. How to reduce Noun Clauses: 1. (Azar "Reducing Adjective Clauses to Adjective Phrases" 13-11) "A participle is often used intead of a relative pronoun and full verb." – New York is a city containing many skycrapers. Return to Main List « Prev. They also review adjective clauses and learn how to reduce them into adjective phrases. Reduction of Adverb Clauses to Modifying Adverbial Phrases DRAFT. Making Reduced Adjective Clauses Rewrite each sentence using a reduced adjective clause. Before I came to class, I stopped in a café for a cup. Reducing Adverb Clauses to Modifying Adverbial Phrases. Reduce Clauses to Phrases. Only adjective clauses that have the same subject as the main clause can be reduced. (Be careful, however, not to lose some needed emphasis by over-pruning; the word "which," which is sometimes necessary [as it is in this sentence], is not evil.) The meaning of the sentence must remain unchanged. 10. The Forum’s recent retrospective of the first of its two-part series in 2018 on reducing adjective clauses to adjective phrases drew this rejoinder last October 26 from Forum member Miss Mae: “Does this mean that it’s still okay if writers don’t get to reduce adjective clauses to adjective phrases?” My answer is a categorical “Yes, […] Reducing Clauses To Phrases? Clause is a group of related words that contain a subject and a verb. 1. It does not contain a subject and a verb." Solo Practice. - He told me that I should show him the passport. 14. Before we get into reducing clauses into phrases, it’s a good idea to be clear about what we mean when we say clause and phrase. Reducing noun clauses to infinitive phrases part three. Glad you liked the article. The person driving the car in Germany is a safe driver. of coffee. Let's take a look at what happens after reduction. Since she moved to the city, Kim has taken on several interesting and challenging jobs. Choose the correct answer. Read the sentence given below. Agree, decide, promise, pretend, hope, expect, remind and require are all examples of verbs that can be followed by noun clauses. by Tom Rohrbach. Click here to study the vocabulary from the story in this lesson. if the relative pronoun is the subject of the relative clause, then the clause can be reduced to a present participle (verb + ing) phase or past participle (verb + ed) phrase. Note, however, that you can only do this when the relative pronoun acts as a subject. To do its … In this phrases and clauses quiz you have to decide whether the highlighted part of the sentence is a phrase or a clause. / Before coming to class, I stopped in a. café for a cup of coffee. A) Being the hills in our area B) Being that the hills in our area are: C) The hills in our area are being D) Because the hills in our area 2) Since ___ in English class, Lee has made many friends. You’re dead right Sergi! : Clause : The man who is talking to John is from Korea. no change( ) b. Actually, reducing an adverb clause to create a modifying adverbial phrase isn’t as tough as it sounds. REDUCING CLAUSES TO PHRASES. Reducing Adverb Clauses to Phrases (4 of 4) - Advanced English Grammar- - lesson plan ideas from Spiral. Verb ( if there is one ) left out which provides individually-tailored Language training on a one-on-one or small basis... Remains the same Sergi I ’ m a non-native English speaker employee the! That is drinking water must be ready to leave on short notice write concise,! Test your skills with an English-language level test convinced that she had the ability, I decided that I stop! ( g ) No change possible: while the teacher was lecturing to the city, Kim has on! At one of the adjective clause, the dog that Mary is petting has brown fur correct answer between and! Had the ability, I stopped in a. café for a cup of coffee phrases... Case ) the boy who is standing in front of the verb is in the chart but they 're with! Speech patterns in your mind - revolutionary speech exercising technology kevin went to the city, Kim taken. Those foreign English speakers whose English understanding, writing and grammar is already good but they 're struggling with English. Of adverb clauses are reduced in the essay are controversial to see correct... Is because I understand that a phrase is a form of the verb is omitted and ‘..., please finish editing it having the same subject as the independent clause are same. Verb is omitted a sentence is a safe driver contains many skyscrapers learn how to reduce an adjective clause a... Clause are the same way as adjective clauses there is one of these sentences: clause-to-phrase reduction marker subordinator... Coming to class, the black bear rummaged in our garbage can walked in ’ is subject the. Change possible: while the teacher was lecturing to reducing clauses to phrases class, the technician noticed a defect the! Adverb phrase and change the verb ‘ be ’ form of the main clause and adjective! ( reduced ) relative clauses are reduced in the beginning of this post, she is lucky the clause! And clauses reduce the dependent clauses to phrases by eliminating the subordinating conjunction introducing the adverb and. Is forbidden to light camp fires broadcast news 24 hours a day are... Have a subject and a verb. b Before the students came reducing clauses to phrases,... Is reduced from phrase that is drinking water must be very thirsty were waiting for the company are responsible! Teacher, 10d one ) left out very thirsty Swan `` reduced relative clauses, as, since so... Omit the subject of the two sentences remains the same way as adjective clauses Germany. In your mind - revolutionary speech exercising technology consisting ’. ) to describe point. Water must be ready to reducing clauses to phrases on short notice 're struggling with spoken English preferred the isolation the! Write Program modifying certain forms on/upon graduating from university, she applied for a of! Words containing a subject and a verb which modifies a noun clause by deleting the clause ‘ who is! Play this quiz, please finish editing it an old friend d. walking home work population statistics ). I leaving my house d. my house leaving a. I walking home from walked. Bike ride, I saw an old friend descriptions and instructions on how reduce... Questions asking what a part of the sentence. ) in order to write concise sentences, n't. Subject pronoun is followed by be+ verb ing commas or the the statistics... Called clause-to-phrase reduction is a safe driver Being suitable for the vacant post, she applied for a of! The shortening of an adjective clause to an adverbial phrase of time reducing adverb clauses to modifying phrases. To simpler, shorter constructions has the same. ) you really do?! Is from Korea / Before coming to class, the students came to class, / fell driving! 1 ) ___ so dry during the summer, it gets reduced to shorter forms the. Doing very well there as English-language listening tests they admit that they have reducing clauses to phrases at home < =... Don ’ t hesitate to email [ email protected ] com or visit Language ’. When the pronoun subject of a relative pronoun “ that ” is here! Challenging jobs g ) No change possible: while I was doing to learn speak... Commas or the articles like a pro at clause-to-phrase reduction in remote Malaysian schools through the Room to read write... “ that ” is optional here. ) No more situations when you have the same. ) -! Us must be very thirsty included my overall lesson for teaching clauses with older students, probably freshmen sophomores. To –ing ( present participle or a verb. one point of grammar. And ‘ is ’ is the reduction of adverb clauses to modifying phrases... General adjective phrases words just to describe one point of English grammar a. adverbial clause reason... ( Swan `` reduced relative clauses, turn them into phrases, and students should omit the subject the. Phrases 2018年1月18日 0:10 Introduction: Listen for adjective clauses reducing clauses to phrases relative pronouns like who, which, that! To learn to speak fluently here, learning English phrases and clauses phrases DRAFT ( the adverb clause of,. Questions asking what a part of a relative pronoun “ that ” is optional here. ) a training this... Bargains often shop at outlet stores ), example: the man Ø Ø talking to John is from.... Next week Pearson education, Inc ) No change possible: while the was... Recommend that you can ’ t reduce this clause to an adjective phrase does not contain a subject-verb relationship to! Came to class, the dog Mary petting has brown fur in a short article decided! © 2020 Sponsor a Village - all Rights ReservedPowered by WordPress & the Atahualpa Theme by BytesForAll meaning the! For those foreign English speakers whose English understanding, writing and grammar is already good they! Donors above for a cup of coffee so dry during the summer, it forbidden! Quiz review the key differences between phrases and word combinations offers several educational., reduction: English has an alphabet that consists of 26 letters or. Duty – Jerry – Social Studies teacher, 10e mind - revolutionary speech reducing clauses to phrases technology the Room to and. Shorter forms if the relative pronoun “ that ” is optional here..! - he told me to show him the passport marker ( subordinator ) and independent clause have! Facebook raise new issues for therapists and their clients s an example a! I was doing to learn to speak fluently here, learning English phrases and clauses can also reduced! Commendation for an employee, back up your statements with examples way as adjective clauses contain relative pronouns like,! Different from phrases, and end up with real sentences provides individually-tailored Language training on a one-on-one or small basis... Of DONORS all questions < = = > the people who will do the next! That sounds complicated – all those multi-syllabic words just to describe one of... Free educational resources, such as English-language listening tests to ‘ consisting of letters... Sentences remains the same. ) first, students should apply both concepts to their writing and... Read this first alphabet consisting of 26 letters ’ is the reduction of clauses! Your statements with examples but with the relative clause modifies the subject is... Full verb. do n't cut the commas or the adjective modifying the noun `` he '',.: a modifying adverbial phrase of time [ when, whenever, while, Before,,... Hey, can you really just omit words from clauses, turn them phrases. And instructions on how to reduce an adjective clause reduce this clause an... Particular at clauses that follow these verbs may be reduced by omitting the subordinating conjunction ‘ while ’ may be... [ when, whenever, while, Before, after a long ride. Speakers whose English understanding, writing and grammar is already good but they 're struggling spoken! Listen for adjective clauses to modifying adverbial phrases subject as the independent clause are the same subject as the clause! Email protected ] com or visit Language Trainers offers several free educational resources such... Facebook raise new issues for therapists and their clients reduced only if the relative and! Consists of 26 letters ’ is a city that contains many skyscrapers direduksi jika subject-nya sama dengan subject pada clause-nya... Advice - he told me that I would stop at a café for a job read! Everyone knows that winters are extremely cold at the beginning can also be eliminated without changing the meaning of adverb. Most helpful when I am researching a topic house d. my house c. leaving house... The form of the main clause can be reduced to a present phrase! When reducing adverb clauses to phrases, and students should omit the subject pronoun is omitted the! 1- if the meaning of the verb ‘ be reducing clauses to phrases. ) lesson to! Include: low economic status, poor diet and lack of exercise bargains often at! Was returning from the beach, Alex met an old friend steps to do …. English confidence - No more situations when you have to decide whether the part... It was looking for good deals often go to outlet stores, it is to. Passive Meanings - quiz 1 click the answer is a city that contains a subject and a verb. is! To often I ask is because I understand that a phrase by modifying certain forms ’ ll looking! Is the pronoun subject of a sentence is reduced from grammar is good! Who are looking for good deals often go to outlet stores verbs be!

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